2013 Flu Symptoms Warning and What to Expect

Autumn has officially arrived – and with it is another flu season. Why the flu season starts just when the cold weather begins is still quite a mystery to scientists, but one thing they are sure of is that citizens should be aware of 2013 flu symptoms to prevent massive outbreaks.

 

Flu symptoms usually manifest from one day to seven days after a person’s exposure to the virus, and are typically more serious than the signs of a common cold. The affected individual may feel or show the following: 100°F or higher fever that lasts several days, chills, muscle pain, headache, fatigue, sore throat, runny or clogged nose and cough. Many also complain of burning eye pain, while some also experience gastrointestinal issues including vomiting and diarrhea.

 

Individuals who have several of these symptoms are advised to contact their primary health care provider at once. Staying at home and getting plenty of rest and fluids are usually adequate in treating seasonal flu, but some cases may be accompanied by other more serious issues such as pneumonia and whooping cough or pertussis. The key to ensuring speedy recovery is early and accurate diagnosis by a health professional.

 

 

Best Flu Remedy?

As mentioned above, resting and drinking lots of fluids are the two most tried, tested and proven remedies for seasonal flu. As prescribed by their respective doctors, affected persons may take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to alleviate their fever and reduce muscle aches.

 

Affected individuals should also avoid certain activities, such as drinking alcohol, smoking and doing strenuous movements, as these may exacerbate their health condition. Taking aspirin should also be avoided by minors as they may develop Reye’s syndrome.

 

To avoid spreading the flu virus, affected individuals are also reminded to always wash their hands. They are also advised to avoid sneezing into their hands, and instead use their arm. They should discard used tissues right away, and avoid going out and having physical contact with other people as much as possible.

 

Affected individuals may be contagious from the day before the onset of the flu until up to 24 hours after they break their fever.

  

Flu Facts and Vaccination

Yearly flu outbreaks are not uncommon, particularly from autumn through early spring. It affects as much as 20 percent of the population or as many as 60 million people in the United States alone, with related casualties averaging 23,000 annually.

Mainly two varieties of flu viruses are experienced by most people. The first and more severe variety is type A influenza, which may be more extensive in its effects and casualties. The other is type B influenza, which is typically milder and easier to manage. Both varieties, however, are usually present during the flu season in any community.

To help reduce the risk of contracting the flu, health professionals advise getting a seasonal flu vaccine where available. The reason why vaccines need to be administered on a seasonal basis is that flu viruses may mutate, and new virus variants may appear sporadically. Such occurrences include the swine flu and avian flu pandemics in recent years.

Having been vaccinated, however, is no guarantee that a person will not contract the flu – although his or her risk is highly reduced. This is why health professionals and organizations always remind citizens to never ignore any symptoms and to contact their doctors at the onset of the flu or other illnesses.

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